Cosmetic Surgery Overview
What is cosmetic surgery?
Cosmetic surgery is a medical procedure that is performed to reshape a person’s body and to improve their appearance.
Cosmetic surgery is normally performed on an otherwise healthy part of the body, to change its appearance in a way that is desirable to the person.
As a type of surgery, cosmetic surgery procedures require recovery time, healing and appropriate care.
Types of cosmetic surgery
Cosmetic surgery encompasses a wide range of techniques to reshape different parts of the body.
Some of the more common procedures are outlined below.
- Facelift (rhytidectomy) - This lifts the lower part of the face, and is also referred to as a cheek-neck lift
- Eyelift (blepharoplasty) - The area around the eyes is lifted and excess fat and skin is removed from the eyelids and eye area
- Browlift (endoforeheadplasty) - The forehead lift is used to address saggy eyebrows and improve the lines of the forehead
- Liposuction - This removes unwanted fatty deposits from all areas of the body and results in a resculpting of the body into more attractive contours
- Tummy tuck (abdominoplasty) - Excess skin and fat is removed from the abdomen, and the underlying muscles are tightened
Cosmetic surgery techniques and procedures
Cosmetic surgery consists of a wide variety of techniques and procedures. Some of these techniques are briefly explained below.
Facelift surgery - To perform this surgery, the surgeon will create an extended incision from the temple, down in front of the ear and extending up behind the ear. Excess skin is removed from the neck and chin after tightening the underlying tissue layers. S-lift is a less extensive form of surgery. Learn more about the facelift surgery.
Browlift (endoforeheadplasty) - Depending on your needs, the surgery can be divided into four procedures. These include Full Endoforehead, Frontal Forehead, Lateral Forehead, and Midforehead. Read more about all four browlift procedures.
Eyelift (blepharoplasty) - Upper eyelid Blepharoplasty usually involves removal of excess skin and sometimes underlying fat. Lower eyelid blepharoplasty may be performed either through the skin of the lower lid or from behind the eyelid. Learn more about the three eyelift approaches.
Liposuction surgery - The breakthrough technique can be conducted at a day surgery facility or in a hospital and may require a short stay at the hospital. The method consists of swelling the skin with a local anaesthetic to reduce bleeding and pain allowing the removal of unwanted fat more easily. Have a look at a liposuction in more detail.
The risks of cosmetic surgery
Cosmetic surgery does carry some risks and it’s important to be aware of them before deciding to go ahead with a procedure.
Possible risks include problems with the anaesthetic, surgical complications, excessive bleeding, scarring, infections or slow healing.
To minimise the risks of cosmetic surgery, ensure you work with an experienced, qualified medical professional and be sure to ask your doctor about potential complications during your consultation .
Alternatives to cosmetic surgery
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There is a range of non-surgical alternatives to cosmetic surgery available.
Chemical peels, laser peels, fractional laser, skin needling and microdermabrasion change the surface of the skin, creating a more youthful appearance.
The appearance of wrinkles can be improved through laser resurfacing, dermal fillers, anti wrinkle injections and laser photorejuvenation.
Uneven pigmentation and increased blood vessels can be improved with Intense Pulsed Light, fractional laser, Picosure laser and the Excel V laser.
The body can also be sculpted using laser body contouring and microlipoinjection.
A non-surgical treatment may be more appropriate for your needs and your dermatologist can guide you in selecting the most relevant procedure.
Who can perform cosmetic surgery?
Cosmetic surgery can be performed by either a cosmetic dermatologist, or a cosmetic surgeon, or a plastic surgeon.
Any doctor can legally perform many cosmetic surgery procedures, without further surgical training once they have completed their initial medical training.
By contrast, surgeons are required to undergo an minimum of 5 years of additional specialist training and study, to obtain a specialist qualification.
Working with an experienced, fully-qualified and accredited cosmetic dermatologist ensures the best possible outcome for your cosmetic surgery procedure. You can read more about our dermatologist, Dr. Russell Hills and learn more about his years of experience on our website.
How to choose a good cosmetic Surgeon
To find the right cosmetic surgeon for your procedure, make a list of likely options, asking friends and family, or your local GP or hospital for recommendations.
Keep in mind that the cost of your procedure should reflect the complexity of the procedure and the skill and experience of the surgeon, to ensure that you’re happy with the results.
Before you make your choice, ensure that you check your cosmetic surgeon qualifications, accreditations and experience. Ask about the number of types of procedures they have performed previously.
Organise an initial consultation so that you can ask lots of questions, and find a surgeon with whom you feel comfortable. Good communication is essential for a positive experience.
Ensure that you choose a cosmetic surgeon who will provide you with good support both before and after your surgery to ensure the best possible outcome.
Questions to ask before you have cosmetic surgery
Once you’ve chosen your cosmetic surgeon, it’s important to understand what’s involved with your procedure and what to expect.
Here’s some questions you can ask your surgeon to ensure that you’re prepared.
- Which procedure is most likely to give me the results I want?
- Is this procedure suitable for me?
- What alternatives to this procedure are available?
- What exactly is included in the procedure?
- What do I need to do to ensure the best possible results?
- What will you do to minimise scarring from the surgery?
- Are there any other potential side-effects from this procedure?
- What risks are involved with this procedure?
- What kind of discomfort will I experience following the procedure?
- What kind of support will I need during my recovery?
- How long will it take me to recover?
- How much time will I need to take off work?
- Where will the surgery be performed?
For more information and advice on your cosmetic surgery options, please contact us.